Have you ever stopped to think about how much of our life quality is due to materials science? A large variety of incredible materials such as piezoelectrics, strong ferromagnets, shape-memory alloys, transparent conductors, memory foams, superhard and wear-resistant materials and a long etcetera are all around us and in occasions we are not even aware they ere present in our very home, telephone or watch. In other occasions, we are just aware about the one or another material as an abstract concept but not about the miraculous properties behind it making possible a whole range of applications.
Would you like to get a general idea about the properties, composition and applications of the most extraordinary materials around including recently discovered ones? This database is your opportunity to do so without getting lost in extensive technical information and complex terminology.
Nowadays, scientific information, is so abundant and so chaotic that sometimes it is extremely difficult both for experts and non-experts, to get familiar with the most fundamental aspects of a technical issue. This has a number of consequences. For example, it makes popularization of science increasingly difficult, and it is sometimes a real challenge to get through the maze even for researchers beginning a new research line.
Therefore, there is an increasing need for developing appropriate tools for making easier the search of relevant information. In our opinion, materials science is a field which is particularly demanding such tools. Commercial databases are not available to the general public, while freely available resources such as Wikipedia are great for finding detailed information but, in our opinion, for the moment they are inefficient in systematizing it.
The objective of creating the Incredible Materials Database is by no means to substitute such sources. Neither is it the development of an exhaustive source of information about the infinitely large number of existing materials. Instead, the author's intention is to complement said resources by recompiling and systematizing the most relevant information about the most extraordinary materials, presenting it in a concise and free of academic dogmatism stile, with a minimum of complex terminology. This should allow even a non-technical person to find out easily and quickly basic information about properties, composition, structure and applications of such materials.
For the purpose of systematization, materials properties are subdivided into two groups: general and particular properties. The general properties considered are: Chemical, mechanical, electrical, magnetic, optical, thermal and their combinations, as well as a miscellaneous group of properties which do not fit in any of the mentioned categories. For each property or effect one or several instances of the most relevant materials are presented. Since one material can have a number of interesting properties, more than one data record may exist for any material.
The term "material" can be defined in a number of different ways and so can be the scope of the present database. However, as a general rule, only chemical compounds, mixtures or structures with unusual, advanced or extreme properties giving rise to specific technical applications will be considered here. Explosives and radioactive isotopes will not be included.
Currently the database features:
- Over 300 extraordinary materials so far.
- Trivial, chemical and trademark names.
- Chemical formulas.
- Crystal structure type.
- General information.
- Slideshows illustrating materials applications derived from every outstanding material's property.
- Links to external resources such as Wikipedia and other articles, Youtube videos, etc.
- Search by term including name, chemical composition, properties, structure, description and applications.
- Filtering by name, properties and chemical variety selectable from drop-down lists.
- Registered users can add new records which become visible to non-registered users after administrator's approval. Registration is totally free!
The latest improvements:
- Former single-page-plain-text vocabulary has been converted to a searchable database (see the "Glossary" menu item) linked to the main database, so that consulting the definition of any material's property is now straightforward through a link in the "Detailed information" sheet.
- The database has been optimized for viewing on mobile phones.
Enjoy using the database. Any feedback, including opinions, recommendations and suggestions is welcome.